Color Chart


I have attempted a color chart like
this before.  It confused even me.  I’m going to try again, listing
the main colors and modifiers.  This chart is listed with only
genotypes.  You may not necessarily know the genotype of your dog. 
However, if the listed results match what you have in a litter of puppies,
hopefully this list will help you guess!

Color of Parents Color of Puppies
Basic
Colors
Tan point tri to Tan point
tri
Tan Point Tri
Red (carrying tri) to Tan
point tri
Red and Tan point tri 
Red (not carrying tri) to
Tan point tri
Red  — all puppies
will carry tri
Red to Red (both parents
carry tri)
Red and Tan point tri
Red to Red (only one parent
carries tri)
Red (some puppies will carry
tri)
Red to Red (neither parent
carries tri)
Red (no puppies will carry
tri)

Modified Colors —
Brindle

Brindle (carries tri) to Tan
point tri
Brindle, red, tan point tri,
brindle point tri
Brindle (doesn’t carry tri)
to Tan point tri
Brindle, red
Brindle (carries tri) to Red
(carries tri)
Brindle, red, tan point tri,
brindle point tri
Brindle (doesn’t carry tri)
to Red (carries tri)
Brindle, red (some puppies
will carry tri)
Brindle (doesn’t carry tri)
to Red (doesn’t carry tri)
Brindle, red (no puppies
will carry tri)
Brindle (carries tri) to
Brindle (carries tri)
Brindle, red, tan point tri,
brindle point tri (some of these puppies will be homozygous brindle)
Brindle (doesn’t carry tri)
to Brindle (carries tri)
Brindle, red (some puppies
will carry tri)
Brindle (doesn’t carry tri)
to Brindle (doesn’t carry tri)
Brindle, red
Brindle (homozygous) to
Brindle (carries tri)
Brindle (some puppies will
carry tri)
Brindle (homozygous) to
Brindle (homozygous)
Brindle (homozygous)
Brindle point tri to Tan
point tri
Brindle point tri (carries
for tan points), Tan point tri
Brindle point tri
(homozygous) to Tan point tri
Brindle point tri (all carry
for tan points)
Brindle point tri to Red
(carries tri)
Brindle point tri, Tan point
tri, Red (carry tri), Brindle (carry tri)
Brindle point tri to Red
(doesn’t carry tri)
Brindle, red (all carry tri)
Brindle point tri
(homozygous) to Red (carries tri)
Brindle point tri (carries
red points), Brindle (carries for tri)
Brindle point tri
(homozygous) to Red (doesn’t carry tri)
Brindle (all carry tri)
Brindle point tri to Brindle
(carries tri)
Brindle (carries tri), red
(carries tri), brindle point tri, tan point tri (some of the brindles and
brindle point tris can be homozygous for brindle)
Brindle point tri to Brindle
(doesn’t carry tri)
Brindle, red (all carry tri
— some brindles can be homozygous for brindle)
Brindle point tri
(homozygous) to Brindle (carries tri)
Brindle point tri, Brindle
(some will be homozygous)
Brindle point tri
(homozygous) to Brindle (doesn’t carry tri)
Brindle (some will be
homozygous)
Brindle point tri to Brindle
point tri 
Brindle point tri (some can
be homozygous for brindle), Tan point tri
Brindle point tri
(homozygous) to Brindle point tri (carries for red points)
Brindle point tri (some
carry for red points, and some are homozygous brindle)
Brindle point tri
(homozygous) to Brindle point tri (homozygous)
Brindle point tri
(homozygous)
Brindle point tri to Brindle
(homozygous brindle, carries tri)
Brindle (some will be
homozygous, all will carry tri), Brindle point tri (some will be
homozygous) 
Brindle point tri to Brindle
(homozygous brindle, doesn’t carry tri)
Brindle (all will carry tri,
some will be homozygous)
Modified Colors — Sable

Although I believe a sable must
carry tri to express its color, this chart covers the possibility
that sable is a completely separate modifier.

Sable (carry tri) to Tan
point tri
Sable, Red, tan point tri
(reds and sables carry tri)
Sable (doesn’t carry tri) to
Tan point tri
Sable, Red (all carry tri)
Sable to Red (both carry
tri)
Sable, Red, Tan point tri
(Reds and sables carry tri)
Sable (doesn’t carry tri) to
Red (carries tri)
Sable, Red (some carry tri)
Sable (doesn’t carry tri) to
Red (doesn’t carry tri)
Sable, Red (none carry tri)
Sable (carries tri) to
Brindle (carries tri)
Sable, Red, Tan point tri,
Brindle point tri, Brindle (solid colors carry tri)
Sable (doen’t carry tri) to
Brindle (carries tri)
Sable, Red, Brindle (some
carry tri)
Sable (doesn’t carry tri) to
Brindle (doesn’t carry tri)
Sable, Red, Brindle (none
carry tri)
Sable to Brindle
(homozygous)
Brindle 
Sable (carries tri) to
Brindle point tri
Sable, Red, Tan point tri,
Brindle point tri, Brindle (solid colors carry tri)
Sable (doesn’t carry tri) to
Brindle point tri
Brindle, Red, Sable
Sable (carries tri) to
Brindle point tri (homozygous)
Brindle, Brindle point tri
Sable (doesn’t carry tri) to
Brindle point tri (homozygous)
Brindle (all carry tri)
Modified Colors — Merle

I’m only going to cover
conventional merle breedings

Blue merle (tan points) to
Tan point tri
Blue merle (tan points), Tan
point tri
Blue merle (tan points) to
Brindle point tri (carries tan points)
Blue merle (tan points), Tan
point tri, blue merle (brindle points), Brindle point tri
Blue merle (tan points) to
Brindle point tri (homozygous)
Blue merle (brindle points),
Brindle point tri (all carry tan points)
Blue merle (brindle points,
carries tan points) to Tan point tri
Blue merle (tan points), Tan
point tri, blue merle (brindle points), Brindle point tri (some may carry
tan points)
Blue merle (brindle points,
homozygous) to Tan point tri
Blue merle (brindle points),
Brindle point tri (all carry tan points)
Blue merle (brindle points,
carries tan points) to Brindle point tri (carries tan points)
Blue merle (tan points), Tan
point tri, blue merle (brindle points), Brindle point tri (some may carry
tan points)
Blue merle (brindle points
carries tan points) to Brindle point tri (homozygous)
Blue merle (brindle points),
Brindle point tri (some may carry tan points)
Blue merle (brindle points,
homozygous) to Brindle point tri (homozygous)
Blue merle (brindle points,
homozygous), Brindle point tri (homozygous) 
Modified Colors — Chinchilla

I’m only going to give a couple
of examples.  As a recessive modifier, both parents have to
carry chinchilla to produce a chinchilla puppy.  

Red (carries chinchilla) to
Red (carries chinchilla)
Red (some may carry
chinchilla), Red Chinchilla 
Red (carries chinchilla) to
Brindle (carries chinchilla)
Red, Brindle (some may carry
chinchilla), Red Chinchilla, Brindle chinchilla
Dilute Factors — Brown and
Gray

Again, I’m only going to give a
few examples, since both of these factors are recessive.  If a
puppy is produced that is a brown or gray dilute, both parents carry
the gene.  

Tan point tri (carries brown
dilute) to Red (carries brown dilute)
Tan point tri (may carry
brown dilute), Red (may carry brown dilute), Brown dilute tri, Brown
dilute red
Blue merle (tan points,
carries gray dilute) to Brindle point tri (homozygous, carries gray
dilute)
Blue merles with brindle
points (may carry gray dilute), Brindle point tri (may carry gray dilute),
Gray dilute merle with brindle points, Gray dilute tri with brindle points

 


 

Conclusions:

Guessing your dog’s genotype is the one of the
oldest games in the book.  A brindle can carry any number of other
colors.  We know a brindle carries at least one red gene, but do they carry
both red and tri?  Does he carry sable, or chinchilla, or one of the
dilutes?   Look carefully at the chart.  Sometimes certainly
color combinations give you a better chance at identifying your dog’s underlying
genetic makeup.

My stud dog is a bright red brindle.  His
sire was a sable, his dam another red brindle.  Looking back one more
generation (grandparents) didn’t help me much — they were all brindles. 
Knowing that his sire is sable helps me with one clue — he couldn’t be
homozygous brindle because one parent is a solid color.  In his first
breeding he was bred to a red and white bitch.  It was the first breeding
for both dogs, so we waited to see if the puppies would give us any clues as to
the recessives each parent might carry.  The first puppy born was a
tri-color.  Eureka!  We now know that the sire and dam both carry
tri.  With the appearance of one puppy we knew the color genotype of both
parents.  It usually isn’t that easy.

In Cardigan we have mostly dominant
modifiers.  Dominants genes are easy — you must have a parent that color
to get a puppy that color (with the exception of sable, because brindle masks
sable).  The recessives are more difficult because they can remain hidden
for countless generations.  Chinchilla is that way, as well as both dilute
factors.

I hope this helps new breeders understand
Cardigan colors a little better.

 

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